The history of the festival and play tents
The shape, from our chapiteau, comes from the traditional form of the circus tent. The circus tent also called Chapiteau, was derived from frz chapiteau = capital and is usually a tent with a round or oval floor plan. It serves the circus as a venue for his performances. The technology for portable tents of this size has only been available since the end of the 19. Century. Previously, circus performances took place in permanent theaters or in showrooms.
The tent roof, because of its enormous size, consists of various individual tarpaulins, which are rolled or folded and assembled at the guest venue. At the beginning of the 20. Century they were still made of pure cotton fabric. However, the tarpaulins of today's circus tents almost exclusively consist of fabric-reinforced PVC due to their size.
The tent is supported in the middle by masts, which are initially made of wood, but today made of steel. The most widespread are circus tents with four masts (four masts). In the past, circuses with eight to even twelve masts traveled from place to place.
At the outer edge of the tent roof is additionally supported by side poles, at the bottom of which also the round canvas is attached. Between main poles and side poles, the roof tarpaulin must be additionally supported. These serve storm poles, but limited the view. For this reason, some circuses have been doing without it for some time and are additionally tensioning the roof tarpaulin with ropes from the outside. This construction is often mistakenly called a "cantilever chapiteau".
The bracing of the masts is done with steel cables, which are stretched by grab trains or pulleys. The anchor points are steel anchors. The bracing of the tarpaulins is done today with straps made of polyester fabric, which serve as a benchmark also the tent anchors.